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EQUIPMENT FOR RENT AND BUY: 7 Summit shop in UB...


Information 2014 : strongly recommend are:
- map for businessmen & tourists  1:2 000 000 (Gizi map)
- map reise  1:1 600 000
- Russian map 1: 500 000 or less to be buy on the web

- Road Network of Mongolia 1:2,000,000. Editeur: G. Battogtokh, Land Cadastr, Ch. Tsemed, 2012
- Mongolia Road Atlas. 1:1,000,000. Gazryn Zurag Co. Ltd., 2009. 84 pages, 7.5 x 10 inches. In English. (ca 50€)
- Road Network Atlas of Mongolia. No scale. "Map Product of Mongolia", 2006. pocket road atlas of Mongolia. (ca 16€)

The "Mongolia road atlas ", is a nice book but when you understand what means a Mongolian road, who is a running track sometime no visible, this kind of map is not easy to carry as heavy and have no topographic details.
As general map the "reise know how" au 1/1.600.000” is not heavy even less details, strong map. The Mongolian map are surely the best (they are copy of Russian map 1/500.000) as you find topography of the places, mane of small villages, rivers, levels… even you will find some mistakes they are useful as written in Mongolian everybody can read them. You can buy in UB or find in the web.

  • Use two maps: maps for businessmen and tourists et international travel maps
  • Important to have a map written with Cyrillic even to show a map and make it read by nomads never so easy
  • Take a small GPS Etrex with some points useful for your trip
  • Compass
  • You must always think that if you have a Russian map all name with be Russian and if you have a Mongolian map all names in Mongolian and so people can be confused!
  • Even in lost area you will always find a nomad who can read and give information if you have a Mongolian map.

*MAP / GPS : you must study carefully your itinerary with map roads 1/2 500 000 or better al 1/500 000 of the area you choose, you can buy the maps at the Map Shop or on the big stores downtown in U.B &: & & &

* GPS necessary as no roads and no road signs. &


The Chinese build many paved roads in Mongolia. This reduces the distances in this huge country, but also takes away the charm of the steppe and true adventure. Generally the percentage is 50-50 , depending on the route choice. Out of a total of 50,000Km of roads in Mongolia only about 10,000Km  (20%) are asphalt paved roads. In 2014 it was expected that over 2000km of new paved roads will connect east and west Mongolia to the capital city Ulaanbaatar . All other roads are gravel and dirt roads. The majority of paved roads are roads leading out of the capital city Ulaanbaatar.



*by sea: 50 days via Cina
*by land: from Duisburg (D) train via Russia and China but not save at all, many goods deseapper on the way on Russia and nobody can tell when train will arrive!
* custom: 4 days in UB

To arrive until Mongolia is not so difficult just  bad roads on Mongolia can be a problem.
Idea> take a guide with you , he can join you at the border you choose to enter on the country to show you the way better than a GPS or you can meet him in UB
Ask information to

ON THE WAY: carry your motorbike on a truck if necessary
risk: see on “walking” and better have some knowledge of mechanic and some tools to repair as the vehicles aren’t in so good condition and also only bad running tracks with big risk to need to repair often! (please read about rent a jeep) slowly these vehicles are started to take the place of the horses for long trips.

BUYING A MOTORBIKE (information 2016)

To rent, if it’s possible, or to buy and sell at the end of the trip please contact: How to buy a Chinse motorbike? You can find 125 and 200 cc Chinese motorbike for around 800 to 1200€. You can buy in some shops in UB and to markets of major cities. You can sell the motorbike when you have finish your trip in same places you can buy motorbikes. It’s really more easy to buy or sell a motorbike if you are with a Mongolian as it’s hard for the deal and to have the papers (this can take several days).
Chinese motorbikes aren’t good quality, but if you buy it new this will reduce a lot of problems. Nomadic can repair them. They need only  around 4 L for 100km.
Russian motorbike as Planeta or IKH are more expensive but best qualitiy.
BE AWARE:don't take a Japanese motorbike as impossible to find outside UB for repair the motorbike!


  • ABSOLUTLY take with you for 3-4 days food and some petrol even you can find now petrol in all over Mongolia and sometimes can buy to nomadic families.
  • If you have a real good map you can forgot your GPS and also nomadic families will enjoy to help you
  • 250km per day are enough
  • weather changes so quickly so have good equipment and a tent with you
  • always note the last iurt you saw so in case you lost your way or others problems you can come back and ask help
  • don’t drink alcohol and remember no ambulance will come to pick you if you have an accident!


more information for motorbike here


It’s always a risk to drive without a guide in Mongolia. We strongly recommend to very well organize logistic and  way points before leaving for Mongolia because is really easy to lost own way. You might always remember that in Mongolia roads are few and running tracks are bad. If you arrive with your own jeep better to have a mechanic one, as it twill be more easy to repair it. On Mongolia you can see for buying or renting a jeep, but in any case you must have some mechanic idea to be sure to make a good trip.

Before leaving:

  1. GPS + satellite phone
  2. Prepare your road book by helping with satellite maps as Google map and decide your trip by writing way points GPS (see also paragraph about maps)
  3. List of villages and points where to find food and petrol
  4. Have mechanic idea to be able to repair your vehicle during the trip, take from home all you think to need to repair your own vehicle
  5. On jeep roof have around 70 litres of petrol
  6. On the back of jeep have around 20 litres of water

On the way:

Following your road book, the way points will help you to see if you are on the right position in real time and so to search your way if you are far from the right position, as it’s easy to be lost also because often so many running tracks are in front of you. On the way you will meet
  • HORSE: it’s the traditional transportation in Mongolia, if you make only short riding as around Kosgol Lake and Trekhin Lake, no matter if you never ride in your life!To rent a horse is 15€ day and > 400€ to buy one. Don’t go alone or with a group WITHOUT A GUIDE as even you are good riders as the steppe can be dangerous (wild animals) and it’s easy to loose your way and also to loose the horses o someone could steal them. A guide costs around 15/20€/day, also he can be helpful to have contact with nomads or for anything else especially if you aren’t used with the horses. Mongolian saddles are made of wood and not at all comfortable, for long riding better to have own equipment. You can find goods for riding at the Black Market (be aware to pickpockets) and in big stores in U.B (saddles=200$…) the best season seems to be June as it’s the month of the flowers and weather is fine. July is very hot during the day and the nights can be really cold! Be aware to thunderstorms and rain, think to take something to protect yours luggage. It’s better to buy your horse near the place you decide to start your trip, if possible ask help for the price to a local person, you need an horse for 2 person to carry luggage, study carefully your itinerary (mountains, rivers…) try to not go in area with few population  or arid areas as risk to not find water for the horses and nomads to help you if you need help and at the end of the trip why to not offer your horse you bought to a nomad?
    Do not think you are a real good rider even you are experienced and so if your guide ask you something or explain something just listen to him as he know why. Mongolian horses have a different character than ours, by example they don’t like long coats, bright colors as  if windy they can have fear and make you fall down. Your guide as your driver are alos there for your security.

Advice to rent, buy, find a guide: contact in English and see , and here advice to buy and prepare horse trek


  • Khatgal horse riding around Khovgol lake all tourist camp arange a horse trek with guide
  • Terelj horse riding around Gorkhi Terelj National park, all tourist camp arange a horse trek with guide. Mejet has a contact there for nomadic home stay and horse riding . Contact at (English)
  • Khangai
  • Khustain Nurruu park
  • Bogd Khan
  • Darkhad Tsagaan Nuur
  • Mandshir khiid
  • Khorgo terkhiin Tsagan nuur
  • In Tsetserleg  (6-8 hours bus from UB) Fairfield guest house can arrange horse trips either for a day or for several days. For longer trips you need some experience in horse riding, as the horses can be a bit wild. Landscape around Tsetserleg is wooded mountains and also plain steppe country. Also good for walking just into the mountains from that small town.

trekking: more information here few ideas to hikking and trekking in Mongolia!


  • Gobi: Gurvan saikhan national park camels herers will approach your jeep in the most popular tourists stops. Tourist camp can call a herders for you. Near Bulgan (South Gobi) Mejet has a contact in this national park for nomadic home stay and camel riding. Contact at (English) or see next page information about or here:
  • Tavan Bogd
  • Ongiin khiid

More? I can send you a long documentation about riding alone in Mongolia but main part is in French, a few page in English. Just contact me ( to get it by writing: Horse in Mongolia

  • TREKKING - HIKKING:  if really you like walking with any kind of weather (thunderstorms, rain, hot…) it isn’t dangerous if you follow a running track or a river but better to be 2 or more. On Arkhangai, area with many people, you will meet often nomads to confirm you your way and help you to find water. An good idea as Mongolia is so big if to go with a jeep on your departure point and hat a driver comes to pick you in another point, this permit you to have more time and go father.

trekking: more information here few ideas to hikking and trekking in Mongolia!

  • BY BICYCLE:  only one asphalted road, terrible running tracks, during spring there is risk of tornadoes.  In front of a mountain the GPS will not indicate you which paths are safe on bicycle…Outdoor shop in UB who sells new and second hand bicycles, they can also buy yours bicycles.

biking: clik here for more information few advice for biking in Mongolia! and here trekking: more information here few ideas to hikking and trekking in Mongolia!

More? I can send you a long documentation about biking in Mongolia but main part is in French, a few page in English but also with some addresses of people who bike in Mongolia to contact. Just contact me ( to get it by writing: biking  in Mongolia. Also look here:

EQUIPMENT: you must be autonomous (take a tent with double roof, food, water filter, warm sleeping bag, think to protect your luggage … please read others chapter and

TO BE AWARE: - if you are tired ask a lift to some nomads who have a vehicle to drive to the next town, but you must have an idea of the place you are or be flexible, think to deal for the price! Try to not drink with the driver, you can refuse on a car what you can’t refuse under the ger, remember it!

marshland: careful if really green grass and wet ground

flock of bulls. They are free on the countryside so be aware to not disturb them, if happen just stay quiet until danger is gone

thunderstorms: they are violent

dogs: be aware to not be beaten (vaccine) they always belong to nomads and they look after the ger, not really dangerous.

Drunken people who can disturb you 

For trips not up 15 days in areas with enough population to be able to resolve each problem as to find water points, meet nomads and divide traditional life we can recommend: the Arkhangai the Khentti and Gobi areas. The Arkhangai area where people are so joyous and for its White Lake (Terkhin Tsaganur) North is less arid than South; on Khentii, Genghis Khan native land you will find on the North wooden houses , forests and wild areas; on Gobi you will find mist of landscape, moon landscape, oasis, wild animals, camels… but you go everywhere to ride or walk near Kosgol lake , to Tsaatans tribe, on Altai…and if you are physically in good health you can try to join Chinese border, without thinking to across it from Gurvantes. You will meet nomads on this running track and found each 30km villages. Ask for more information at:


Please as crossing points can change ask more to your nearst embassy.Foreigners may now enter Mongolia by automobile or motorcycle at four additional land border crossings.

Open points 2016: this list of border crossings

HOW TO MEET TRAVELERS / SHARE JEEP:  contact in English: and tell him your dreams and when you think to visit Mongolia and maybe you will be contacted by someone interested. On U.B just leave some ad in the guest houses.

TRANSLATOR:  only few drivers have fluently English, if you study Russian you will have an opportunity to improve it! Buy an phrase book English-Mongolian and Russian Mongolian as everybody can read on Mongolia. In any case it isn’t difficult to travel with a driver who can’t speak English as they will do all to communicate with you (especially the ones who collaborate with Mejet) and you can use the hands to speak!
To have a translator: 15euro or more/day, better to book the soon as possible.

Or learn Mongolian! See

WEATHER: continental with hot summers (important rain in the  North West mountains) and very cold and hard winters. In U.B., during summer you can have 40°C and during winter –40°C. During spring the wind can be very strong or  blow very hard. The best season to visit Mongolia is from May to September. April and May are also months to be considered to visit Mongolia as few tourists and weather start to be warmer mild April with sometimes real hot sunny days, but risk of strong wind and also weather can change suddendly in few minutes.
 In June and September you can have summer days as winter days so bring all for these 2 seasons!
In summer, take with you some warm clothes as the nights can be cold especially on the North and Central Mongolia. The difference of temperature between night and day can reach 10 to 15°C. From 15/09 the weather starts to become colder and sometimes the temperatures can go down under 0.Celcius. A real cold wind starts also to blow. You must take some warm clothes and real warm sleeping bag. During winter you need clothes to be protect from rain, wind and fierce cold. Take always with you a sleeping bag and a tent as your nights can be cold and also there are few hotels.

BUDGET: The exchange rate in 2016 was around: 1 €=2400. Small $ banknotes changed by lower rate.
ATM. Only Tugrug, you must go to the cashier to have with your credit card currency money. Actually ATM takes VISA and sometimes  MAESTRO AND MASTER CARD, to the cashier sometimes also others major credit card plus those. BE AWARE of the commission you will have to pay by using your credit card, they are still  high, also be aware to the limit you can take as the limit in Mongolia is different than the one you have in your own country.
In UB the ATM  are many and also you find them near major shops. On countryside you can find ATM in aimag capital. some sums and some touristic places. To the cashier on countryside you can change only $ but lower rate than UB. Euro aren’t so easy changed in countryside. 2017 not many shops /hotels will accept the credit cards.
Better you change all you need in UB as you can change again tugrug agains currency money when come back.
You will spend from 15-50 euro/day according if you sleep in your own tent, on the gers or on the tourist camps (20-50$/night/p.), and according your way to travel: walking, bicycle, bus or renting a horse; more if you rent a jeep: around 100euro/jeep/day (petrol and driver included). And remember that a jeep is really  the solution to meet nomads and have an opportunity to divide traditional life and live incredible emotions.

ON THE STEPPE: take with you change in local money as you will need it to pay your nights under the gers and maybe for small expenses if you go through a town. We traveled 2 weeks without finding a town, only sometimes small villages to buy gas. So count how many nights you think you might spend under the ger and you must have the exact change for each as you can’t ask change from people who probably don't have a cent in their name and your driver can’t have always have enough money to help you out.

In Mongolia the law says you have to pay all in Tugrug so if you pay in currency money you can have to pay major price.

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